New ABC present Chopsticks or Fork? reveals the stories of migrants who aided build Aussie Chinese favourites like honey chicken


Honey prawns, lemon chicken, sweet and sour pork and honey hen are preferred Chinese dishes – well, at least in Australia.

Known as “Australian Chinese cuisine”, they are a one of a kind derivative of Chinese cooking produced at the migrant-operate places to eat that appear to be to be in each and every town throughout the region.

Chef Raymond Ng operates a cafe in Malua Bay, New South Wales, about four hours’ drive from Sydney.

He had by no means listened to of the Australian Chinese dishes in advance of arriving from Hong Kong in 1976.

But considering the fact that then, his existence has been all about adapting – not only to the language and natural environment, but to the “Australian style”.

Places to eat like Mr Ng’s are not just spots for eating, they also have the stories and histories of the families who have crafted and operate them.


In the new ABC clearly show Chopsticks or Fork?, comedian Jennifer Wong travels by way of regional Australia listening to about the lives of people who have helped develop and popularise these multicultural dishes.

Mr Ng was a tailor in Hong Kong, but, equivalent to lots of 1st-generation Chinese migrants of his time, he obtained his very first position in Australia washing dishes in a cafe run by a different Hong Kong expat.

A middle-aged Asian woman and man sit at a table in an empty restaurant as they pose for a photograph.
Raymond Ng figured out how to cook dinner Chinese-design dishes soon after transferring to NSW from Hong Kong in the 70s.(



He then uncovered how to cook but was creating food items like deep-fried eggplant and honey hen – none of which would be considered traditional or Chinese in Hong Kong.

“If a single fails to adapt to a new position, it will turn into difficult to survive,” Mr Ng mentioned.

Mr Ng reported these recipes were being probable invented by Chinese cooks in Australia and have become known as the signature dishes in several Chinese places to eat in regional cities.

“Australians can only get these meals from the Chinese dining establishments. That is possibly why they believe they are Chinese food items,” Mr Ng instructed the ABC.

Far too hectic for Xmas

The front of a blue, single storey restaurant called Raymond's Chinese takeaway, which has two large windows and a central door.
Raymond Ng’s first restaurant, which was even open on Xmas Day.

Mr Ng’s youngest daughter Emily has been encouraging in the fast paced household restaurant considering the fact that she was 10 yrs outdated.

And she has done a huge array of work opportunities in her time.

In addition to serving the buyers, she was also filling out legal documents to help her mother and father, as they were not proficient in English.

Her occupation, she reported, was getting her parents’ “variety a person personalized assistant”.

A young woman with black pulled back hair smiles as she sits at an table in an empty restaurant.
Emily Ng is again performing with her family as they rebuild their business just after their to start with restaurant was wrecked in a bushfire.

In her memory, her mothers and fathers were being often at work.

As a kid, Ms Ng did not understand that. She even hated the kitchen for preserving her mom and dad occupied.

“All of my faculty friends’ parents had been generally there to check out them perform and they had been usually there when they are necessary. But my mum was always late to decide on me up from faculty,” she said.

At the conclude of 2019, the restaurant was burned down by a bushfire.

The charred wreckage of a burned out restaurant with debris across the floor and damaged building framework.
Raymond Ng’s restaurant after it burned down.

Getting rid of the restaurant created Ms Ng realised how considerably happiness it has introduced to her mothers and fathers and the household.

So she quit her job in digital promoting and moved again to rebuild the organization with her mother and father.

Ms Ng said she is delighted with her life now as she regains a marriage with her dad and mom.

For those who have just began a business enterprise, it is nevertheless challenging to get in excess of the guilt of not expending ample time with their youthful young children.

Gary Bong is the proprietor and chef at the Oriental Palace cafe in Hervey Bay, Queensland.

A woman holds the arm of a man wearing a white chef's top as they sit at a small square table in an empty restaurant.
Gary Bong has been so busy jogging his restaurant he not often has time to eat with his family members.(



He mentioned he labored tough to present the very best education for his children so they failed to have to take about the running of the cafe when they grew up.

When Mr Bong’s relatives celebrated the 20th anniversary of their restaurant, he thanked his little ones for their being familiar with of the needs included with his line of work.

Being so hectic in the kitchen area building meals for his customers each and every day, Mr Bong seldom had the opportunity to have dinner with his little ones.

“They have an understanding of I do this for them, for supplying them a much better upcoming,” Mr Bong advised the ABC.

Meals transcends cultural boundaries

A black and white image shows a crowd of men in suits sitting at round tables in a packed restaurant.
Within the bustling Peking Café, which turned a functioning-class dish into the communicate of Sydney in the 1920s.(

Supplied: Melbourne Kuomingtang Modern society


In China, cuisines are categorised by area.

Delicacies in Guangdong, Sichuan, Anhui, Shandong, Fujian, Hunan, Jiangsu and Zhejiang are normally described as the “8 Great Traditions” of Chinese cooking.

But alongside the journey of Chinese migrants, Chinese cuisines have also been evolving outside the house China.

In 1919, Chinese businessman Huang Lai-wang opened his restaurant Peking Café on Sydney’s central Pitt Street.

A calendar year later on, he was selling chop suey – a working-course food cooked from miscellaneous leftovers.

He had brought the recipe back again from the US, and before long the dish was considered “cosmopolitan” in
1920s Sydney, in accordance to Kuo Mei-fen, a researcher in migrant studies from Macquarie University.

“The story of chop suey has shown that migrants’ cuisines can be affected not only by the food stuff of their house countries but also by the cooking in other abroad Chinese communities,” Dr Kuo reported.

“When cooks want to represent their own tradition, meals gets a medium that can cross the language and racial boundaries.”

Small chunks of pork and vegetables cooked together in a sticky red sauce sit on a white plate.
Dishes like sweet and bitter pork attribute on Mr Ng’s menu, but not commonly on the dwelling table.

Dr Kuo said the lengthy background of Chinese migrants in Australia was why “each individual town has a [Chinese] restaurant” and “each and every cafe has its personal fabulous story”.

For Mr Ng, although the family dishes are still the conventional Cantonese dishes like stir-fry choy sum and steamed minced pork with mushroom, the Australian Chinese dishes attribute on his menu.

Mr Ng’s signature dish is honey king prawn, a different Australian Chinese basic.

It is now the area favourite in Malua Bay and is firmly a element of the at any time-evolving tale of Australian Chinese delicacies.

Check out Chopsticks or Fork? now on ABC iview.

Read the tale in Chinese: 阅读中文版本

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